Development Economics


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 8
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    What Economic Sectors Drive Youth Employment in Nigeria?
    (2022-02) Edewor, Sarah Edore; Kollie, Genesis Bhenda
    The Nigeria economy continues to be plagued with unemployment especially amongst youths with about 29.7% and 25.7% of youths aged between 15-34 years reported in the third quarter of 2018 as been underemployment and unemployment respectively (Nigerian Bureau of Statistics, 2018). Limited access to employment opportunities is a key challenge because economic growth does not translate into employment. This jobless growth is due to economic and political crises that has plagued the country for years and which needs to be tackled. Policy-relevant discussions must first identify sectors that have potential for job creation and the conditions required to make them more productive and attractive for investors so as to stimulate and promote decent jobs for youths
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    Gender and Firm Performance in Cameroon
    (2022) Steve Douanla, Meli
    This study analyses the contribution of women to the performance of Cameroonian companies. Based on data from the Cameroon Enterprise Survey, carried out in 2016 by the World Bank Group, the analysis focuses on three levels in organisations: the level of employees, of management and, finally, of business ownership. Existing literature on this subject supports the idea that there is a simultaneous effect between the presence of women at all levels in the company and performance. The results of a linear regression reveal a positive and significant effect of the presence of women in management positions on business performance as measured by the growth in turnover. Indeed, a one percentage point increase in the number of women in corporate leadership contributes an average of 61% to improved corporate performance when measured by growth in turnover. However, whichever performance measure is adopted, the analysis does not reveal any significant influence of the presence of women at the employee level on the performance of Cameroonian companies. Finally, the analysis of the differences in performance between companies owned by women and those owned by men indicates a performance gap, an average of 2.2% in terms of turnover growth, and an average of 0.8% in terms of growth in the number of employees, in favour of female-owned businesses.
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    Development Economics 2021
    (AERC, 2021-03-05) African Economic Research consortium
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    Development Economics 2019
    (AERC, 2019-03-04) African Economic Research consortium
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    Development Economics -2017
    (African Economic Research consortium, 2017-03-03) AERC