COVID 19 - Training Policy Briefs

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    Effets à Long Terme de l'Enseignement Primaire Gratuit sur les Résultats Scolaires : L'expérience du Lesotho
    (African Economic Research Consortium, 2023-12-08) Moshoeshoe,Ramaele
    De nombreux pays d'Afrique subsaharienne ont mis en place des politiques d'enseignement primaire gratuit ("FPE"), qui augmentent considérablement les taux d'inscription à l'école primaire dans les pays en développement. Cependant, la fréquentation de l'école est différente de l'apprentissage. Les principales questions qui attendent encore des réponses sont de savoir si les nombreux enfants scolarisés apprennent et si les effets de l'enseignement primaire gratuit sur l'apprentissage sont durables. Ce document tente d'estimer les effets à long terme du programme FPE sur les résultats scolaires au Lesotho. Le programme a été mis en œuvre classe par classe, en commençant par l'abolition des frais de scolarité en première année en 2000. Le calendrier de mise en œuvre a entraîné des changements dans la couverture du programme à travers les groupes d'âge (et de niveau) au fil du temps. Nous utilisons une stratégie semi-paramétrique de différence dans les différences qui exploite ces variations pour identifier les effets à long terme de la politique FPE sur les résultats scolaires, en utilisant les données des examens universitaires pour les cohortes d'étudiants qui ont bénéficié du programme FPE et celles qui n'ont pas bénéficié du programme FPE. Les résultats indiquent que l'effet de la FPE sur les résultats scolaires se situe entre 2 points de pourcentage (statistiquement insignifiant) et 20 points de pourcentage (statistiquement significatif à un niveau de 1 %).
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    State of the EAC Health Sector Amidst the COVID-19 Crisis
    (African Economic Research Consortium, 2021-10-25) Bigirimana, Noella; Rwagasore, Edson; Condo, Jeanine
    On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the new coronavirus COVID-19 outbreak as a global pandemic. The COVID-19 burden has been asymmetrically distributed. The EAC region has reported an estimated 7.3% of the cases and 4.4% of the deaths reported in Africa. The report seeks to document the interventions put in place to flatten the curve of COVID-19 transmission, examine the impact of COVID-19 on health outcomes, and describe interventions to mitigate the socioeconomic impact.
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    Impact of COVID-19 on Rwanda’s Health Sector
    (African Economic Research Consortium, 2021-10-14) Bigirimana, Noella; Rwagasore, Edson; Condo, Jeanine
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    Impact of COVID-19 on Transport and Logistics Sector in the EAC Region
    (African Economic Research Consortium, 2021-10-08) FEAFFA and Shippers Council of East Africa
    The emergence of COVID-19 in 2019 led the WHO to stipulate different containment measures. These measures were adopted by different countries to help limit and control the spread of the virus. The EAC Partner States developed regional and localized containment measures focused on the transport and logistics sector. The implementation of the measures, whilst contributing to the management of the spread of the virus, equally had negative effects to the sector as they affected the different sector players. It was, therefore, imperative to study the impact of the containment measures on transport and logistics and provide related policy recommendations in pursuit of sector competitiveness and trade facilitation.
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    Analysis of the Effects of COVID-19 on the Trade, Transport and Health Sectors of Burundi
    (African Economic Research Consortium, 2021-10-08) Ndayitwayeko, Willy Marcel; Ntawiratsa, Rédempteur; Nkurunziza, Désiré
    The outbreak of coronavirus (COVID-19) continues to impact the lives of the people in Burundi. The country has witnessed significant increase in its confirmed cases on 31st March 2020. The disruptive effects of the COVID-19 crisis on global, regional and national trade have received enormous attention recently. The reason is that the pandemic has strongly affected the least-developed countries, especially those in Africa due to their reliance on export of commodities and tourism, and imports of pharmaceutical products, medical and food products. The measures taken to curb the spread of the virus at national and international levels has impacted negatively on the economy of Burundi. This policy brief presents the recommendations of the study done on the impact of COVID-19 mainly on trade, health and transport sectors.