Determinants of regional poverty in Uganda

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Okurut, Francis Nathan
Odwee, Jonathan J.A.O.
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The study sought in-depth knowledge of the key factors that account for regional poverty differentials in Uganda so as to contribute to more focused targeting of programmes for the poor. The research objectives were: to estimate the national and regional food poverty lines to identify poor households, to compare the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of the poor households between and within the regions, to compute poverty indexes for Uganda based on national and regional food poverty lines, to identify the key determinants of regional poverty, and to derive policy implications for poverty alleviation in Uganda.With primary data from the Integrated Household Survey, 1992, the study used the Greer–Thorbecke methodology to compute poverty lines and poverty indexes. The logistic regression was used to analyse the key determinants of poverty and five models were fitted (one national and four regional). Northern Uganda was found to be the poorest region; it has the largest depth of poverty and worst inequality. It is characterized by the poor having large mean household sizes, least education, least mean household income, least expenditure on health, lowest chance of child survival and highest concentration in the rural areas. Educational level of household head, household size and migration status were found to be significant determinants of poverty at multivariate levels. The broad policy recommendation is that government should use regional poverty lines for the planning and budgetary allocation process for effective poverty alleviation