Kenee, Fekadu Beyene
This policy note aims at examining land data management and land governance in Ethiopia. It outlines critical issues that were reflected in the land data inventory and data improvement strategy. The nationalization of land which involved transfer of land from a few landlords (who monopolized land ownership) to the state property while redistributing land to all farmers took place in 1975 under the governance of the socialist regime. The current government maintained the policy but introduced agricultural development-led industrialization as a development strategy of Ethiopia to guide the agricultural transformation and investment decisions. The country adopted the strategy due to the fact that there is a forward and backward linkage between agriculture and industry. Nevertheless, it seems that the Growth and Transformation Plan of the country has given limited attention to agriculture where the government allocated only 14.5 billion birr (3.7% of its national budget) for agriculture in its 2019/20 budget year (CEPHEUS Research and Analytics, 2019:7).