Agricultural Policy Analysis for Nutrition Outcomes


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 16
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    Effects of Food Price Shocks on Nutrition Outcomes Among Farm Households in Nigeria: Implications for Food-Price-Related Policies
    (African Economic Research Consortium, 2023) Akerele, Dare; Fadare, Olusegun; Ogunniyi, Adebayo; Rufai, Mistura; Adeyemi, Olutayo
    The starting point towards advancing nutrition-sensitive food price policies in Nigeria is a nationally representative empirical study on the effects of food price shocks on children’s nutrition outcomes. This study uses data from the Nigeria Living Standard Measurement Study – Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA) of the years 2013 and 2016. A correlated random probit and a pooled panel data probit regression were employed in the analysis. The data description shows a notable concentration of wasting and stunting in Northern Nigeria, and in households characterized by low income, low education level, and not using insecticide-treated bednets. Shocks in the prices of rice and vegetables can substantially enhance the risks of child stunting, while wasting prevalence in children is positively associated with fish and dairy price shocks. Thus, this study lends support to nutrition-sensitive food price policies that are geared towards calming a surge in food prices, especially the prices of rice, vegetables, fish and dairy.
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    Understanding Child Nutritional Outcomes of Land Reform Policy in Zimbabwe from a Gender Perspective
    (African Economic Research Consortium, 2023-07) Mujeyi, Kingstone; Mangoma, Virginia Chipo; Chikobvu, Shamiso
    This paper analyzes the effect of land reform policy on child nutrition outcomes in Zimbabwe, and estimates whether the effect differs based on gender of household head. Using nationally representative Rural Livelihoods Assessment Survey data collected in 2017, the study employs an endogenous switching regression model to control for selection bias and endogeneity. The results show that benefitting from land reform increases the likelihood of both stunting and wasting in children. From a gender perspective, the paper provides evidence that benefitting from land reform significantly reduces the likelihood of child stunting in female-headed households. The study recommends that land reform policies should enhance access to land for women as a strategy for reducing child malnutrition.
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    The Impact of Changes in Nutritional Policy on the Determinants of Child Stunting: The Case of Rural and Urban Zambia
    (African Economic Research Consortium, 2023-07) Bwalya, Richard; Kalinda, Thomson
    This paper evaluates the impact of changes in nutritional policies on the underlying determinants of child stunting in Zambia using data from the 2010 and 2015 Living Conditions Monitoring Survey (LCMS). Regression results show that although there are commonalities across rural and urban areas as well as between 2010 and 2015 in terms of the determinants of child stunting, significant differences between the regions and periods exist, which may have implications for the design of interventions. Decomposition results show that differences in the levels of endowment account for the majority of the observed differences in stunting between rural and urban areas for both periods, implying that interventions aimed at overcoming rural-urban disparities in child nutrition outcomes need to focus principally on bridging gaps in socioeconomic endowments.
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    Household Landholding, Diversification of Agricultural Activities and Child Nutrition Status in Uganda
    (African Economic Research Consortium, 2023-07) Faisal, Buyinza; Mayanja,Teera Joweeria
    Using household-level data from the Uganda National Panel Survey, a panel probit estimation technique is employed to explain the causal relationship between household landholding, diversification of agricultural activities and children’s nutritional status in Uganda. Our results indicate that household landholding and diversification of agricultural activities are significant factors that influence children’s nutritional status. The results also indicate that food production among households is vital for household dietary diversity, which affects children’s nutritional status. Our findings indicate that access to landholding by households is key to increased food production. In addition, there is a need to diversify farming systems and diversify income sources. Finally, there is a need for promoting access to local markets to enable households to sell their produce more easily, and to purchase the food they require.
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    Agricultural Marketing Policies and Household Dietary Diversity and Nutrition in Tanzania
    (African Economic Research Consortium, 2023-07) Martin, Julius Chegere; Kauky, Monica Sebastian
    The consumption of nutrient-rich foods is sensitive to changes in income and price shocks, especially for low-income consumers. This study employs Tanzania National Panel Survey data to explore the linkage between agricultural marketing, dietary diversity and nutrition status in Tanzania. Findings reveal that market orientation significantly affect dietary diversity for lower income groups, while for the whole sample, the effect is indirect through overall income. Household dietary diversity significantly correlates with a lower probability of child stunting, which becomes insignificant when overall income is controlled; and female education and overall income have significant effects on dietary diversity and child nutrition. The findings suggest a judicious use of money obtained from the sales of agricultural products.