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- ItemA Poor Man’s Portfolio?(African Economic Research Consortium, 2023-08) Mbara, GilbertOver the 10-year period between 2005 and 2015, Kenya experienced a significant decrease in both wealth and income inequality. This decline in inequality has been characterized by a fall in both the income and wealth shares of the POLICY BRIEF A Poor Man’s Portfolio? Gilbert Mbara July 2023 / No.GPIR-PB-CC003 richest members of the population, as well as modest gains for the poorest. This is contrary to what has been observed in many advanced countries where inequality has been on the rise. To understand why the Kenyan experience has been different, we investigate macroeconomic variables linked to top-end income and wealth inequality.
- ItemDo Schools Really Divide the Togolese?(African Economic Research Consortium, 2023-07) Koudjom, Etayibtalnam; Ngoko, Eric H.; Limazie, Mazignada S.; Mafang, LionieEquality in education means that all young people, regardless of their background, socio-economic origin, and physical environment, should have equal opportunities to access the education system at all levels. Togo’s education system is characterized by a dichotomy of educational choices between government and private schools. The increase in the number of private schools since the liberalization of the education sector in the 1990s has led to a rapid growth in private schools throughout the country in general and in some of its regions in particular.
- ItemA Lifeless Help for the South Africans in Crisis(African Economic Research Consortium, 2023-07) Omotayo, Abiodun Olusola; Ogunniyi, Adebayo IsaiahCOVID-19 has highlighted the critical role of adequate investments in the public health systems and comprehensive social protection programmes. Many South Africans suffer from a poor quality of life. The COVID-19 pandemic worsened the crisis, increased by the weak and poorly implemented social protection programs offered by the government. Hence, the central contention here was that poor health and income is disproportionately borne by the poor in South Africa and that such income related health inequalities appear to have become substantially more pronounced in the COVID-19 era relative to the pre-COVID-19 period. Despite the existence of the hypothesis of inverse relationship between the injection of the South Africa Social Security Grant (SASSG) on poverty status and income-related health inequality in some instances, we dwelled on the positive relationship between these variables. Therefore, we hypothesized that the economic dislocation caused by the COVID-19 disproportionately affects the South African poor.
- ItemEducated and Healthy, yet Poor(African Economic Research Consortium, 2023-07) Edeh, Henry; Ozor, JaneNigeria has experienced significant economic growth over the past two decades, averaging 6% per annum in gross domestic product(GDP). The government has also made investments in education and health, resulting in improved national-level enrolment rates for school-aged children and lower under-5 and maternal mortality rates.However, poverty reduction in the country remains a challenge, with the poverty rate increasing from 35% in 2010 to 41% in recent time, 2019. Of particular concern are the regional disparities in the low standard of living between rural and urban settlements across the country. Pointedly, the northern region experiencing significantly lower standards as compared to the south. For a fact, this is evidenced in education and health outcomes which is the focus of this presentation.
- ItemGrowing Apart and Falling Together: The Growing South African Story(African Economic Research Consortium, 2023-07) Ngepah, NicholasPersistently high poverty and inequality compounded by increasing episodes of economic shocks, have been identified as a significant development issue, jeopardizing future poverty reduction efforts in post-apartheid South Africa. Despite relatively robust economic growth, poverty reduction has been slow, prompting a debate about the relationship between economic growth and poverty reduction. While economic growth is often seen as a key driver of poverty reduction, the relationship is complex and multifaceted, requiring further investigations, especially in the current context of rampant economic shocks. Economic growth alone is insufficient to reduce poverty significantly. The poor are vulnerable during economic downturns and require targeted policies. Existing social programs are helpful but insufficient The South African government has undertaken various programs to cushion the burden of poverty on the poor. These are among others, social grants, free healthcare and education services.