Demand For Improved Water Quality: An Analysis of Averting Actions by Cameroonian Households

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Armand, Totouom Fotue Luc
Tagne, Sostaine Romuald Foueka
Poufoun, Jonas Ngouhouo
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African Economic Research consortium
This study aims to investigate the demand for improved water quality in Cameroon by analysing the determinants of household averting actions to cope with unsafe drinking water. The study is based on primary data collected in 2013 from a sample of 789 households in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé, Cameroon. The econometric approach used in the study is the same as that of McConnell and Rosado (2000). The main findings of the estimated model are: the decision to adjust water quality decreases when income decreases, when there are no children under five in the household, and when the quality of the water consumed is not a concern. Also, the probability of adopting a given avoidance measure decreases with its cost of adoption and increases with its level of efficiency (measured by people’s favourable opinion on the quality of water after adjustment). Implications for public policies are discussed in the paper.
: Unsafe drinking water , improved water quality, , econometric analysis , the IIA assumption , nested logit model