Quality jobs or mass employment
African Economic Research consortium
The general objective of the study is to explain the apparent failure of employment in the Ghanaian labour market under SAP/ERP by evaluating changes in the qualitative distribution of labour demand, based on trends in advertised job vacancies from 1981 to 1995. The results indicate a significant (25%) increase in the demand for high-skill labour relative to low-skill labour in the ERP/SAP period, compared with pre-ERP/SAP period. Using decomposition techniques it is found that 51.2% of the increase in demand for high-skill labour is explained by changes in skill composition and 48.8% by changes in sectoral composition of jobs. The policy implication is that improvement in employment performance in Ghana will require additional investments in skill training and a keener effort to enhance occupational mobility.