External Debt and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries: An Econometric Study
lyoha, Milton A.
The African Economic Research Consortium
This econometric study takes a sumulation approach to investigate the impact of external debt on economic growth in sub-Saharan African countries using a small macroeconometric model estimated for 1970-1994. An important finding was the significance of debt overhang variables in the investment equation, suggesting that mounting external debt depresses investment through both a “disincentive” effect and a “crowding out” effect. Policy simulation was undertaken to investigate the impact of alternative debt stock reduction scenarios (debt reduction packages of 5%, l0%, 20% and 50%), effective in 1986, on investment and economic growth in the subsequent years. It was found that debt stock reduction would have significantly increased investment and growth performance. A 20% debt stock reduction would, on average, have increased investment by 18% and increased GDP growth by 1% during the 1987-1994 period. Thus, the results demonstrate that debt forgiveness could provide a much needed stimulus to investment recovery and economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa.
HJ 8826 .I96 1999
External Debts , Sub-Saharan Africa , Econometrics Models